Scout Skills: FirstAid

What do you teach?

The First Aid instructor teaches care for either of the the following skill groups:

Group A

  • cuts and scrapes, blisters, superficial burns, stings, snakebite, nosebleed, frostbite and sunburn (TF 12b
  • "hurry cases": stopped breathing, serious bleeding, or poisoning(SC 7a)
  • puncture wounds, 2nd degree burns, heat exhaustion and hypothermia

Group B

  • object in eye, rabid bite, puncture wounds, 2nd degree burns, heat exhaustion, shock, heatstroke, dehydration hypothermia and hyperventilation.(SC 7c)
  • bandaging an ankle, head, upper arm or collarbone (FC 8b)
  • Transport of ankle injuries (FC 8c)

The First Aid instructor should also know what essentials go in a first aid kit.

How to teach First Aid

  1. Emphasize how important these skills are. In particular, point out that people look to Scouts for help in emergencies, expecting them to know what to do.
  2. Present the "why" of the procedure- First Aid is reason-based: we cover a scrape to prevent infection, we don't ice a burn because that causes tissue damage, ankle bandages support the joint and compress it to minimize motion and supress pain. Knowing the "why" makes the "what" easier to remember!
  3. First aid is easily worked into games and competitions:
    • For individuals, how fast can they bandage a sprain? How many items can they name that belong in a First Aid kit?
    • For groups: who can diagnose and treat an injury first? Most accurately?
    • For the Troop: patient transport relays are always fun!